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ATHIRTE

History of Scientific Women

Main achievements: Calculation of the position of the planets.


Member of the court, and maybe girl of Pharaoh Sesostris, she devoted herself to the study of the heavens and the calculation of the position of the planets. Diodorus speaks of a daughter Athirte of Sesostris, king of Egypt, who "excited him to become master of the world, being far above her sex by her intelligence, she provides him with expedients to facilitate business. Others say that the princess is very clever in the knowledge of the future, his father assured success by omens from sacrifices she had made, the dreams she had had in the temples and signs that had appeared in the sky, or by observing the signs of heaven."